Department of Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Korea.
SourceJ Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2005 Nov; 75(2)
Bioartificial skin sheet grafts have been utilized to treat large burns and chronic ulcers. However, the trypsinization step to harvest cultured skin grafts from culture dishes damages the cells by breaking the anchoring proteins and lowers their uptake ratio after transplantation. In addition, epidermal sheet grafts require a long fabrication period. To overcome these limitations, we utilized biodegradable poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) microspheres as both cell culture matrix and transplantation vehicle of skin cells for skin regeneration in this study. This method could avoid the trypsinization step and have a relatively short preparation period. Human keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts cultured on PLGA microspheres in spinner flasks proliferated by 3.0-fold and 9.4-fold, respectively, after 10 days. When both types of cells cultured on PLGA microspheres were reinoculated onto culture dishes, the cells migrated from the PLGA microspheres to the culture dish surface, grew, and formed a confluent cell layer within 5 days, showing the growth and migration abilities of the cells cultured on PLGA microspheres. Full-thickness skin wounds created on the back of athymic mice were either treated with transplantation of keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts cultured on microspheres (cell-transplanted group), treated with PLGA microspheres alone (microsphere-implanted group), or covered with dressing materials without treatment (untreated group). Three weeks after the treatments, differentiated epithelium that stained positively for cytokeratin, a marker of epidermis, was observed in the cell-transplanted group, while the microsphere-implanted group and untreated group showed incomplete reepithelialization. Dermal regeneration with positive staining for vimentin, a marker of dermal fibroblast, was observed in the cell-transplanted group. Regenerated dermis with positive staining for vimentin was partly observed in the microsphere-implanted group and untreated group. These results suggest that transplantation of keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts cultured on PLGA microspheres could be potentially useful as an alternative to bioartificial skin grafts for the treatment of skin wounds.
MeshAnimalsCell Culture TechniquesCell ProliferationCells, CulturedDermisEpitheliumFemaleFibroblastsHumansKeratinocytesLactic AcidMiceMice, Inbred BALB CMice, NudeMicrospheresPolyglycolic AcidRegenerationSkin Physiological PhenomenaSkin TransplantationTissue Engineering
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't