- Vascular dementia (previously known as multi-infarct dementia) was first mentioned by Thomas Willis in 1672. It was later further described in the late 19th century by Binswanger and Alzheimer as a separate entity from dementia paralytica caused by neurosyphillis. This concept has evolved tremendously since the advent of neuroimaging modalities.
- Synonym(s): Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI); Vascular cognitive disorder (VCD); Arteriosclerotic dementia; Post-stroke dementia; Senile dementia due to hardening of the arteries; Binswanger disease.
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