- Type I (distal H+ secretion defect): low serum K+, urine pH >5.5, associated with autoimmune disease, hypercalcemia
- Type II (proximal HCO3- reabosrbtion defect): low serum K+, urine pH < 5.5, associated with multiple myeloma, drugs (eg, sulfa)
- Type III (rare): normal serum K+, urine pH < 5.5, associated with renal insufficiency
- Type IV (hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism): high serum K+, urine pH < 5.5, associated with diabetes mellitus, drugs (eg, NSAIDs)
Renal tubular acidosis has been found in Diagnosaurus 2.0
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