Intestinal Obstruction was found in Select 5-Minute Pediatrics Topics which helps you diagnose, treat, and follow up on over 900 medical conditions seen in everyday practice.
Explore 5-Minute Clinical Consult - view these FREE monographs:
-- The first section of this topic is shown below --
- Pathologic blockage of progression of intestinal contents:
- May be partial or complete
- May arise from intrinsic abnormalities (e.g., meconium ileus or intestinal atresia) or extrinsic abnormalities (e.g., adhesions and volvulus).
- Paralytic ileus: Failure of intestinal motor function without mechanical obstruction:
- Very common after abdominal operations.
- Common causes:
- Infection (pneumonia, gastroenteritis, peritonitis, systemic sepsis)
- Drugs (i.e., opiates, loperamide, vincristine)
- Metabolic abnormalities (hypokalemia, uremia, myxedema, and diabetic ketoacidosis)
- Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction: A severe intestinal motility disorder described in diverse diseases including muscular, endocrine, metabolic and autoimmune disorders. Examples include Duchenne and diabetes mellitus.