- Learning disorders, or learning disabilities, are defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) as academic achievement that is substantially below the level expected for age, schooling, and general intellectual ability, and that cannot be accounted for by psychosocial factors.
- In British medical literature, “learning disability” is often synonymous with “mental retardation.”
- Learning disability may affect reading, writing, spelling, or math.
- Any given child may have more than 1 learning disability.
- Learning disabilities have neurobiologic and genetic roots.
- Reading disorder, which is also known as dyslexia and is the most frequently diagnosed type of learning disorder, is characterized by impairments in phonologic processing.
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