- Q: When to refer to nephrology?
- A: Patients with one of the following: Fixed proteinuria, associated hypertension, associated hematuria, clinical evidence of nephritic syndrome and patient with family history of renal diseases with proteinuria.
- Q: When are imaging studies indicated?
- A: Patients with abnormal renal function, hematuria or nephrolithiasis
The best initial study is renal and bladder ultrasound
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