MEDLINE Journals

    Rim versus sagittal mandibulectomy for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma: two types of mandibular preservation.

    Authors
    Guerra MF, Campo FJ, Gías LN, et al. 
    Institution

    Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital La Princesa-Madrid, C/General Ricardos n degrees 171, secondary B 28025, Madrid, Spain. maxmferm@excite.com

    Source
    Head Neck 2003 Dec; 25(12) :982-9.
    Abstract

    The role of conservative mandibulectomy for patients with bone invasion from squamous cell carcinoma remains poorly defined. However, marginal mandibular resection is biomechanically secure in its design while maintaining the mandibular continuity. This procedure has proven to be a successful method of treating squamous cell carcinoma with limited mandibular involvement.The purpose of this study was to analyze our results after the use of a marginal technique for the treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancer and to compare two types of mandibular conservative procedures: rim resection versus sagittal inner mandibulectomy.A retrospective review of a cohort of 50 patients (global group) who underwent mandibular conservative resection for previously untreated squamous cell carcinoma was performed. Two subgroups were considered: rim group (n = 37) and sagittal group (n = 13). Clinical evaluation and preoperative radiologic studies were the means used to evaluate bony invasion and to decide on the extent of mandibulectomy. The treatment outcome after these two types of mandibular resection was calculated and compared using analysis by the Pearson chi(2) test, logistic regression model for multivariate analysis, and the Kaplan-Meier method to determine survival. RESULTS.: In the sagittal group, specimens from 2 patients (11.7%) demonstrated tumor invasion on decalcified histologic examination, whereas the rim group showed 11 cases (29.7%) with bone invasion. Local recurrence was observed in the follow-up of 10 patients. No statistical relationship was found between the presence of histologic bone invasion and the risk of local recurrence. The size of bone resection >4 cm (p =.002) and tumor invasion of surgical margins (p =.039) were found to be associated with increased local recurrence rates. In multivariate analysis, lymph node affectation significantly correlated with histologic mandibular involvement (p =.02). In the global group, the 5-year observed survival rate was 56.97%. Overall survival and rate of recurrence were comparable in both groups. In the global group, tumor infiltration beyond the surgical margin was statistically related with poor survival (p =.01).Analysis of this series disclosed that marginal mandibulectomy is effective in the control of squamous cell carcinomas that are close to or involving the mandible. In carefully selected patients, sagittal bone resection seems to be as appropriate as rim resection in the local control of these tumors.

    Mesh
    Adult
    Aged
    Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Mandible
    Middle Aged
    Mouth Neoplasms
    Neoplasm Invasiveness
    Neoplasm Staging
    Oral Surgical Procedures
    Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
    Prognosis
    Retrospective Studies
    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)
    Comparative Study Evaluation Studies Journal Article
    PubMed ID

    14648856

    Content Manager
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