SourceJ Colloid Interface Sci 2011 Mar 15; 355(2)
The structural, textural, and adsorption characteristics of mechanochemically activated (MCA) fumed silica A-300 as dry or water, ethanol, or water/ethanol-wetted powders (0.5 g of a solvent per gram of silica) in a ball mill for 1-6 h were studied in comparison with those of the initial powder. The MCA treatment enhances bulk density (ρ(b)) of the powder (from 0.045 g/cm(3) for the initial silica to 0.4 g/cm(3) for 6 h-MCA-treated water-wetted silica) depending on medium type and MCA time (t(MCA)). Stronger effects are observed for the MCA treatment of water-wetted silica than of dry or ethanol- or water/ethanol-wetted samples. The MCA treatment weakly affects the specific surface area (S(BET)). However, void (pore) size distribution, porosity, particle aggregation and size distribution in aqueous suspension, behavior of interfacial water, properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)/silica composites and adsorption of gelatin depend more strongly on the t(MCA) and ρ(b) values. Some of the observed changes in the characteristics (e.g., gelatin adsorption) depend on the ρ(b) value but are independent of the medium type used on the MCA. Other characteristics are nonlinear functions of both t(MCA) and ρ(b) values.
MeshAdsorptionGelatinNanostructuresParticle SizePorositySilicon DioxideSolventsSurface PropertiesSuspensionsWaterWettability
Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't