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    Effects of acute manganese chloride exposure on lipid peroxidation and alteration of trace metals in rat brain.

    Authors
    Chen MT, Cheng GW, Lin CC, et al. 
    Institution

    Department of Medical Technology, Chung Hwa College of Medical Technology, Tainan, Taiwan.

    Source
    Biol Trace Elem Res 2006 May; 110(2) :163-78.
    Abstract

    Although manganese (Mn) is an essential element, exposure to excessive levels of Mn and its accumulation in the brain can cause neurotoxicity and extrapyramidal syndrome. We have investigated the differences in the accumulated levels of Mn, the degree of lipid peroxidation, and its effects on the levels of trace elements (Fe, Cu, and Zn) in various regions in the brain of rats having undergone acute Mn exposure. The rats in the dose-effect group were injected intraperitoneally (ip) with MnCl2 (25, 50, or 100 mg MnCl2/kg ) once a day for 24 h. The Mn significantly accumulated (p<0.05) in the frontal cortex, corpus callosum, hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus, medulla, cerebellum, and spinal cord in each case. The rats in the time-course group were ip injected with MnCl2 (50 mg MnCl2/kg) and then monitored 12, 24, 48, and 72 h after exposure. The Mn accumulated in the frontal cortex, corpus callosum, hippocampus, striatum hypothalamus, medulla, cerebellum, and spinal cord after these periods of time, In both the dose-effect and time-course studies, we observed that the concentration of malondialdehyde, an end product of lipid peroxidation, increased significantly in the frontal cortex, hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus, medulla, and cerebellum. However, no relationship between the concentrations of Mn in the brain and the extent of lipid peroxidation was observed. In addition, we found that there was a significant increase (p<0.05) in the level of Fe in the hippocampus, striatum, hypothalamus, medulla, and cerebellum, but the Cu and Zn levels had not changed significantly. These findings indicated that Mn induces an increase in the iron level, which provides direct evidence for Fe-mediated lipid peroxidation in the rats' brains; these phenomena might play important roles in the mechanisms of Mn-induced neurotoxicology.

    Mesh
    Animals
    Brain
    Brain Chemistry
    Chlorides
    Lipid Peroxidation
    Male
    Manganese Compounds
    Oxidative Stress
    Rats
    Rats, Sprague-Dawley
    Trace Elements
    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)
    Journal Article
    PubMed ID

    16757844

    Content Manager
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