MEDLINE Journals

    Can infants map meaning to newly segmented words? Statistical segmentation and word learning.

    Authors
    Graf Estes K, Evans JL, Alibali MW, et al. 
    Institution

    University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1500 Highland Ave., Room 501, Madison, WI 53705, USA. kmgraf@wisc.edu

    Source
    Psychol Sci 2007 Mar; 18(3) :254-60.
    Abstract

    The present experiments investigated how the process of statistically segmenting words from fluent speech is linked to the process of mapping meanings to words. Seventeen-month-old infants first participated in a statistical word segmentation task, which was immediately followed by an object-label-learning task. Infants presented with labels that were words in the fluent speech used in the segmentation task were able to learn the object labels. However, infants presented with labels consisting of novel syllable sequences (nonwords; Experiment 1) or familiar sequences with low internal probabilities (part-words; Experiment 2) did not learn the labels. Thus, prior segmentation opportunities, but not mere frequency of exposure, facilitated infants' learning of object labels. This work provides the first demonstration that exposure to word forms in a statistical word segmentation task facilitates subsequent word learning.

    Mesh
    Analysis of Variance
    Auditory Perception
    Child Language
    Comprehension
    Discrimination Learning
    Humans
    Infant
    Language
    Language Development
    Learning
    Recognition (Psychology)
    Speech
    Speech Discrimination Tests
    Speech Perception
    Time Factors
    Verbal Learning
    Vocabulary
    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)
    Journal Article Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
    PubMed ID

    17444923

    Content Manager
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