SourceGastroenterology 2012 Apr; 142(4)
There have been inconsistent results published about the relationship between excess body weight, expressed as increased body mass index (BMI), and risk of colorectal adenoma (CRA). We conducted a meta-analysis to explore this relationship. We focused on whether the relationship varied based on the sex of the study subjects, study design, features of the polyps, or potential confounders, including alcohol use, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, smoking, and exercise.We identified studies by performing a literature search of Medline, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science through July 31, 2011, and by searching the reference lists of pertinent articles. We analyzed 36 independent studies, which included 29,860 incident cases of CRA. Summary relative risks with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated with a random-effects model. Between-study heterogeneity was assessed using Cochran's Q statistic and I(2) analyses.Overall, a 5-unit increase in BMI (calculated as kg/m(2)) increased the risk for CRA (summary relative risk = 1.19; 95% CI: 1.13-1.26), although there was a high level of heterogeneity among studies (P(heterogeneity) < .001; I(2) = 76.8%). Subgroup analyses revealed that the increased risk of CRA in obese individuals was independent of race, geographic location, study design, sex, adenoma progression, and confounders. The association between increased BMI and risk for CRA was stronger for colon than rectal adenoma.Based on a meta-analysis, increased BMI increases the risk for colon but not rectal adenoma. Unlike colorectal cancer, there is no sex difference in the relationship between increased BMI and risk of CRA.
MeshAdenomaAdultAgedAged, 80 and overBody Mass IndexColorectal NeoplasmsEthnic GroupsFemaleHumansMaleMiddle AgedObesityRisk AssessmentRisk FactorsSex Factors
Journal Article Meta-Analysis Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't