MEDLINE Journals

    Mechanoreceptors in articular tissues.

    Authors
    Zimny ML 
    Institution

    Department of Anatomy, Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans 70112-1393.

    Source
    Am J Anat 1988 May; 182(1) :16-32.
    Abstract

    The morphology, distribution, and function of mechanoreceptors in joint capsules, ligaments, knee-joint menisci, and articular disks of the temporomandibular joints of animals, including humans, have been reviewed. In addition to free nerve endings, three types of joint receptors are present in most animal joints: 1) a Ruffini-like receptor situated in the capsule, 2) a Golgi tendon organ situated in a ligament; and 3) the encapsulated Pacinian-like corpuscle. In the anterior cruciate ligament, nerve fibers enter from the subsynovial connective tissue and terminate in receptors. Most of the receptors are found in the distal portion of the ligament. In the meniscus, nerves penetrate the outer and middle one-third of the body and the horns from the perimeniscal tissue, with a greater concentration at the horns. In the temporomandibular articular disk, the mechanoreceptor density is greatest at the periphery and progressively decreases toward the center. If a joint has an intra-articular structure, mechanoreceptors undoubtedly are present within it. The concentration of mechanoreceptors appears greater in areas related to the extremes of movement and probably represents the first line of defense in sensing these extremes. These afferent discharges elicit support from discharging mechanoreceptors located in the joint capsule and subsequently from those in the surrounding muscles. This total afferent output alerts the central nervous system of impending injury, which can then be averted through reflex mechanisms.

    Mesh
    Animals
    Biomechanics
    Cartilage, Articular
    Cats
    Dogs
    Humans
    Joints
    Knee Joint
    Ligaments, Articular
    Mechanoreceptors
    Menisci, Tibial
    Structure-Activity Relationship
    Temporomandibular Joint
    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)
    Comparative Study Journal Article Review
    PubMed ID

    3291597

    Content Manager
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