MEDLINE Journals

    Patterns of cigarette sales and lung cancer mortality in some central and eastern European countries, 1960-1989.

    Authors
    Kubik AK, Parkin DM, Plesko I, et al. 
    Source
    Cancer 1995 May 15; 75(10) :2452-60.
    Abstract

    Remarkable increases in lung cancer risk recently have been observed in the Central and Eastern European (CEE) area. This study examines the patterns of lung cancer mortality rates and cigarette sales in 1960-1989 in seven CEE countries with a total population of 97.5 million and 43,000 deaths from lung cancer in the last year under study.Trends in cigarette sales and mortality rates from lung cancer in seven CEE countries were compared for the years 1960-1989.Among males, recent lung cancer death rates were the highest in Europe, and trends by country largely reflected the varied prevalence and duration of smoking in previous decades. For females, lung cancer mortality rates were much lower, although there were exponential rate increases. In the more recent birth cohorts, there were some declines in mortality rates among males, but not among females.The rising cigarette consumption through the 1960s, 1970s, and, in some countries, the 1980s is accompanied in most of the countries by rising lung cancer mortality rates for young adults. This increasing cigarette consumption will determine future trends in lung cancer, which will increase well beyond the turn of the century and will continue longer for females than for males. This outlook underlines the urgent need for comprehensive lung cancer prevention with the concerted control of smoking as a priority. The role of cofactors and their interaction with smoking deserve further exploration.

    Mesh
    Adolescent
    Adult
    Bulgaria
    Cohort Studies
    Comorbidity
    Czech Republic
    Europe
    Europe, Eastern
    Female
    Humans
    Hungary
    Lung Neoplasms
    Male
    Plants, Toxic
    Poland
    Prevalence
    Sex Factors
    Slovakia
    Smoking
    Tobacco
    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)
    Comparative Study Journal Article
    PubMed ID

    7736388

    Content Manager
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