MEDLINE Journals

    Body image, self-concept, and self-esteem in women who had a mastectomy and either wore an external breast prosthesis or had breast reconstruction and women who had not experienced mastectomy.

    Reaby LL, Hort LK, Vandervord J 
    Health Care Women Int 1994 Sep-Oct; 15(5) :361-75.

    The perceptions of three groups of women regarding their body image, self-concept, total self-image, and self-esteem were compared. The groups included 64 women who had mastectomies and wore external breast prostheses, 31 women who had mastectomies and underwent breast reconstruction, and a control group of 78 women who had not experienced mastectomy. The body image, total self-image, and self-esteem mean scores indicated that the prosthesis and reconstruction groups had more positive feelings regarding their bodies than did the control group. There were no significant differences in self-concept among the three groups. These findings challenge a common assumption that mastectomy automatically results in psychiatric morbidity caused by an altered body image and suggest that health professionals should not make assumptions about how a woman will psychologically respond to mastectomy.

    Body Image
    Breast Implants
    Case-Control Studies
    Self Concept


    Pub Type(s)
    Comparative Study Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    PubMed ID


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