Department of Neurosurgery, Kochi Medical School, Japan.
SourceActa Neurochir (Wien) 1994; 126(2-4)
Venous malformations in the posterior fossa are relatively rare. Although the introduction of CT and MRI has made them easier to detect, their treatment is still controversial. Based on our experience with six patients and a review of the literature, we have tried to establish guidelines for their treatment. Since they have a benign natural course and may provide venous drainage in the posterior fossa, venous malformation found incidentally, unruptured venous malformation with nonhaemorrhagic complications, and those accompanied by small intracerebellar haematoma of less than 2 cm in diameter due to their rupture, should be treated conservatively unless they are associated with a coexistent malformation. Venous malformation with intracerebellar haematoma larger than 3 cm or reexpansion of the haematoma due to rebleeding should be treated surgically by evacuation of the haematoma. Resection of venous malformations in the posterior fossa should be restricted to cases in which the malformation is small and does not serve as a functional venous drainage route. Radiation therapy, including the "gamma-knife", may be a treatment of choice in the future.
MeshAdultAgedCerebellumCerebral AngiographyCerebral VentriclesChild, PreschoolCranial Fossa, PosteriorFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansIntracranial Arteriovenous MalformationsMagnetic Resonance ImagingMaleMiddle AgedPostoperative ComplicationsTomography, X-Ray ComputedVeins
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