SourceJ Cutan Pathol 1998 May; 25(5)
Atypical cellular blue nevus (ACBN) has clinicopathologic features intermediate between typical cellular blue nevus (CBN) and the rare malignant blue nevus (MBN)/malignant melanoma (MM) arising in a CBN. Herein we report 9 cases of ACBN. The patients were caucasian (6 females and 3 males) with a mean and median age of 47/51 years. Two patients complained of recent changes and about half of these tumors were located on the buttocks or scalp, averaging 1.5 cm in diameter. Histologically, they were characterized by architectural atypia (infiltrative margin and/or asymmetry) and/or cytologic atypia (hypercellularity, nuclear pleomorphism, hyperchromasia, mitotic figures, and/or necrosis). Assessment of the expression of 3 tissue markers demonstrated rare solitary cell staining with oncogene product bcl-2, and a proliferative index of 23+/-19 and 39+/-30 cells/10 high power field with antibodies to PCNA and Mib-1, respectively. No significant differences were detected comparing the above levels of expression to a control group of 15 CBN; however, ACBNs tended to show a higher proliferative index by PCNA and Mib-1 as well as a significantly higher mitotic rate (1/10 HPF vs. 0; p=0.001). Analysis of DNA content showed DNA aneuploidy in both groups. Follow-up data on 9 of 9 patients showed 1 patient dead without disease and 8 alive without disease (mean/median follow-up 42/32 months, range 15-96 months). No patient during this follow-up time has experienced either a local recurrence or lymph node or visceral metastasis. These findings highlight the close resemblance of ACBN to the natural history of CBN. Nevertheless, many of the distinguishing histologic features of ACBN are also those of MBN. Because of these intermediate clinicopathologic features, ACBN warrant close scrutiny and long-term follow-up.
MeshAdolescentAdultAgedAneuploidyChildDNA, NeoplasmDiagnosis, DifferentialFatal OutcomeFemaleFollow-Up StudiesHumansKi-67 AntigenMaleMelanomaMiddle AgedMitotic IndexNeurilemmomaNevus, BlueNevus, Epithelioid and Spindle CellProliferating Cell Nuclear AntigenProto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2Skin NeoplasmsSurvival Rate
Case Reports Journal Article