MEDLINE Journals

    Physical and behavioral health of adults with mental retardation across residential settings.

    Authors

    Freedman RI, Chassler D 

    Institution

    School of Social Work, Boston University School of Social Work, MA 02215, USA. freedman@bu.edu

    Source

    Public Health Rep 2004 Jul-Aug; 119(4) :401-8.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES
    This article presents survey data about the health and behavioral characteristics of a randomly selected sample of 629 adults with mental retardation (MR) living in Massachusetts in 2000. The goals of this analysis were to: describe the health, behavioral, and functional characteristics of the sample; examine relationships between consumer health, behavior problems, and functioning; and analyze variations in health and behavior problems by type of residential setting (parent/relative home, community residence, or institutional setting).
    METHODS
    The authors analyzed data obtained from interviews with proxies (relatives, guardians, advocates, or program staff) on behalf of consumers and from state agency records. Chi-square analyses were conducted to examine the relationships between health, behavioral, and functional characteristics of consumers and differences in health and behaviors by type of residence.
    RESULTS
    More than 80% of consumers were reported to have either "excellent" or "good" health. Overall health status did not significantly vary by residential type, but was significantly related to the presence of additional disabilities and some functional limitations. Several health and behavioral measures varied significantly by residential type: recent physical, dental, and ob/gyn exams; medication usage; problem behaviors; and functional level.
    CONCLUSIONS
    As large numbers of individuals with MR reach adulthood and old age, public health and medical professionals face the challenges of addressing the health and behavioral needs of this population, preventing secondary health conditions, and improving environmental conditions that may influence health and mental health.

    Mesh

    Activities of Daily Living
    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Chi-Square Distribution
    Female
    Health Status
    Health Surveys
    Humans
    Male
    Massachusetts
    Mental Disorders
    Mental Health
    Mental Retardation
    Middle Aged
    Needs Assessment
    Prevalence
    Proxy
    Public Health
    Questionnaires
    Residence Characteristics
    Residential Facilities
    Severity of Illness Index

    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    PubMed ID

    15219797

    Content Manager
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