McCarley JS, Vais MJ, Pringle H, et al.
SourceHum Factors 2004; 46(3)
A set of studies examined the effects of cognitive distraction on visual scanning and change detection in natural traffic scenes. Experiment 1 found that a naturalistic hands-free phone conversation could disrupt change detection, thereby degrading the encoding of visual information and increasing the frequency of undetected changes. Data also revealed a tendency for conversation to impair knowledge-driven orienting of attention in older adults. Experiment 2 found that an attentive listening task produced no such effects. Actual or potential applications of this research include the design of displays and interventions to minimize the effects of cognitive distraction on human performance.
MeshAccidents, TrafficAdultAge FactorsAnalysis of VarianceAttentionAutomobile DrivingCohort StudiesComputer SimulationFemaleFixation, OcularHumansMaleMiddle AgedRisk FactorsSensitivity and SpecificityTask Performance and AnalysisTelephoneVerbal Behavior
Comparative Study Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.