MEDLINE Journals

    Conversation disrupts change detection in complex traffic scenes.

    Authors

    McCarley JS, Vais MJ, Pringle H, et al. 

    Institution

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, Illinois 61801, USA.

    Source

    Hum Factors 2004; 46(3) :424-36.

    Abstract

    A set of studies examined the effects of cognitive distraction on visual scanning and change detection in natural traffic scenes. Experiment 1 found that a naturalistic hands-free phone conversation could disrupt change detection, thereby degrading the encoding of visual information and increasing the frequency of undetected changes. Data also revealed a tendency for conversation to impair knowledge-driven orienting of attention in older adults. Experiment 2 found that an attentive listening task produced no such effects. Actual or potential applications of this research include the design of displays and interventions to minimize the effects of cognitive distraction on human performance.

    Mesh

    Accidents, Traffic
    Adult
    Age Factors
    Analysis of Variance
    Attention
    Automobile Driving
    Cohort Studies
    Computer Simulation
    Female
    Fixation, Ocular
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Risk Factors
    Sensitivity and Specificity
    Task Performance and Analysis
    Telephone
    Verbal Behavior

    Language

    eng

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    PubMed ID

    15573543

    Content Manager
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