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    Evaluation of a residential behavioral program for behaviorally disturbed, mentally retarded young adults.


    Sandford DA, Elzinga RH, Grainger W 


    Am J Ment Defic 1987 Jan; 91(4) :431-4.


    The Adaptive Behavior Scale (ABS) was used to evaluate a three-level token economy designed to modify some aspects of the behavior of behaviorally disturbed young adults of borderline intelligence. The ABS was administered to all those referred to the program. Those admitted were retested upon discharge and 6 months later. Those not admitted, or rejected, were retested 12 months later. Results showed that initially there were few significant differences in scores between the accepted and rejected groups. Following treatment, however, large improvements occurred in those areas that were logically related to target behaviors within the token economy. These gains were maintained on follow-up. The rejected group showed no improvements over the same period.


    Behavior Therapy
    Intellectual Disability
    Residential Facilities
    Social Behavior Disorders
    Token Economy



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