Unbound MEDLINE

Risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia in patients with herpes zoster.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
To identify risk factors for postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) using a validated definition of this chronic neuropathic pain syndrome, to determine combinations of risk factors that identify patients with a high risk of developing PHN, and to examine the characteristics of patients with subacute herpetic neuralgia, that is, pain that persists beyond the acute phase of herpes zoster but that resolves before PHN can be diagnosed.
METHODS
The authors examined baseline and follow-up data from 965 herpes zoster patients enrolled within 72 hours of rash onset in two clinical trials of famciclovir.
RESULTS
Univariate and multivariate analyses indicated that older age, female sex, presence of a prodrome, greater rash severity, and greater acute pain severity made independent contributions to identifying which patients developed PHN. Patients with subacute herpetic neuralgia who did not develop PHN were significantly younger and had less severe acute pain than PHN patients but were significantly more likely to have severe and widespread rash than patients without persisting pain.
CONCLUSIONS
The independent contributions to the prediction of PHN made by older age, female sex, presence of a prodrome, greater rash severity, and greater acute pain severity suggest that these risk factors reflect different mechanisms that each contribute to the development of PHN. Subacute herpetic neuralgia that does not progress to PHN may reflect peripheral tissue damage and inflammation caused by a particularly severe or widespread rash.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Jung BF, Johnson RW, Griffin DR, Dworkin RH

    Institution

    University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642, USA.

    Source

    Neurology 62:9 2004 May 11 pg 1545-51

    MeSH

    2-Aminopurine
    Age Factors
    Antiviral Agents
    Double-Blind Method
    Exanthema
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Herpes Zoster
    Humans
    Multivariate Analysis
    Neuralgia
    Pain Measurement
    Risk Factors
    Severity of Illness Index
    Sex Factors
    Zoster Sine Herpete

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial
    Journal Article
    Multicenter Study
    Randomized Controlled Trial
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15136679