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Markers of inflammation and their clinical significance.

Abstract

Inflammation plays an important role in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and the development of atherosclerotic events. Understanding the molecular basis of inflammation has led to the identification of markers that may also serve as new targets of therapy in the management of atherothrombotic disease. Inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), have been shown to predict future cardiovascular events in individuals with and without established cardiovascular disease (CVD). Statins substantially reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and recently their anti-inflammatory properties have been investigated. In this paper, we discuss biomarkers implicated in the inflammatory process leading to atherothrombosis, including CRP, adiponectin, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), CD40 ligand and lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)), and the effect of statins on these markers and their potential relationship to cardiovascular events.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Ballantyne CM, Nambi V

    Source

    Atherosclerosis. Supplements 6:2 2005 May pg 21-9

    MeSH

    1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase
    Atherosclerosis
    Biological Markers
    C-Reactive Protein
    Humans
    Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
    Inflammation
    Phospholipases A

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    15823493