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Increases in expression of 14-3-3 eta and 14-3-3 zeta transcripts during neuroprotection induced by delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in AF5 cells.

Abstract

The molecular mechanisms involved in N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-induced cell death and Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-induced neuroprotection were investigated in vitro with an AF5 neural progenitor cell line model. By microarray analysis, Ywhah, CK1, Hsp60, Pdcd 4, and Pdcd 7 were identified as being strongly regulated by both NMDA toxicity and THC neuroprotection. The 14-3-3 eta (14-3-3eta; gene symbol Ywhah) and 14-3-3 zeta (14-3-3zeta; gene symbol Ywhaz) transcripts were deceased by NMDA treatment and increased by THC treatment prior to NMDA, as measured by cDNA microarray analysis and quantitative real-time RT-PCR. Other 14-3-3 isoforms were unchanged. Whereas up-regulation of 14-3-3zeta expression was observed 30 min after treatment with THC plus NMDA, down-regulation by NMDA alone was not seen until 16 hr after treatment. By Western blotting, THC increased 14-3-3 protein only in cells that were also treated with NMDA. Overexpression of 14-3-3eta or 14-3-3zeta by transient plasmid transfection increased 14-3-3 protein levels and decreased NMDA-induced cell death. These data suggest that increases in 14-3-3 proteins mediate THC-induced neuroprotection under conditions of NMDA-induced cellular stress.

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  • Authors

    Chen J, Lee CT, Errico SL, Becker KG, Freed WJ

    Source

    Journal of neuroscience research 85:8 2007 Jun pg 1724-33

    MeSH

    14-3-3 Proteins
    Animals
    Cell Line
    Dronabinol
    Mesencephalon
    N-Methylaspartate
    Neuroprotective Agents
    Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
    Plasmids
    Rats
    Transfection

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17455326