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The antinociceptive effect of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the arthritic rat involves the CB(2) cannabinoid receptor.

Abstract

Cannabinoid CB(2) receptors have been implicated in antinociception in animal models of both acute and chronic pain. We evaluated the role both cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptors in mechanonociception in non-arthritic and arthritic rats. The antinociceptive effect of Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (Delta(9)THC) was determined in rats following administration of the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor-selective antagonist, SR141716A, the cannabinoid CB(2) receptor-selective antagonist, SR144528, or vehicle. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were rendered arthritic using Freund's complete adjuvant and tested for mechanical hyperalgesia in the paw-pressure test. Arthritic rats had a baseline paw-pressure of 83 +/- 3.6 g versus a paw-pressure of 177 +/- 6.42 g in non-arthritic rats. SR144528 or SR141716A (various doses mg/kg; i.p.) or 1:1:18 (ethanol:emulphor:saline) vehicle were injected 1 h prior to Delta(9)THC (4 mg/kg; i.p) or 1:1:18 vehicle and antinociception determined 30min post Delta(9)THC. AD(50)'s for both antagonists were calculated with 95% confidence limits. In addition, midbrain and spinal cord were removed for determination of cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptor protein density in the rats. SR144528 significantly attenuated the antinociceptive effect of Delta(9)THC in the arthritic rats [AD(50) = 3.3 (2.7-4) mg/kg], but not in the non-arthritic rats at a dose of 10/mg/kg. SR141716A significantly attenuated Delta(9)THC-induced antinociception in both the non-arthritic [AD(50) = 1.4 (0.8-2) mg/kg] and arthritic rat [AD(50) = 2.6 (1.8-3.1) mg/kg]. SR141716A or SR144528 alone did not result in a hyperalgesic effect as compared to vehicle. Our results indicate that the cannabinoid CB(2) receptor plays a critical role in cannabinoid-mediated antinociception, particularly in models of chronic inflammatory pain.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Cox ML, Haller VL, Welch SP

    Source

    European journal of pharmacology 570:1-3 2007 Sep 10 pg 50-6

    MeSH

    Analgesics
    Animals
    Arthritis, Experimental
    Bornanes
    Dronabinol
    Male
    Mesencephalon
    Pain
    Piperidines
    Pyrazoles
    Rats
    Rats, Sprague-Dawley
    Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB1
    Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2
    Spinal Cord

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    17588560