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Cannabis use and destructive periodontal diseases among adolescents.

Abstract

AIM
The aim of this experiment was to investigate the association between cannabis use and destructive periodontal disease among adolescents.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
Data from a population screening examination carried out among Chilean high school students from the Province of Santiago were used to determine whether there was an association between the use of cannabis and signs of periodontal diseases as defined by (1) the presence of necrotizing ulcerative gingival (NUG) lesions or (2) the presence of clinical attachment loss (CAL) > or =3 mm. The cannabis exposures variables considered were "Ever use of cannabis" (yes/no) and "Regular use of cannabis" (yes/no). The associations were investigated using multiple logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, gender, paternal income, paternal education, frequency of tooth-brushing and time since last dental visit.
RESULTS
Multiple logistic regression analyses showed that "Ever use of cannabis" was significantly negatively associated with the presence of NUG lesions (OR=0.47 [0.2;0.9]) among non-smokers only. No significant associations were observed between the presence of CAL > or =3 mm and cannabis use in either of the smoking groups.
CONCLUSIONS
There was no evidence to suggest that the use of cannabis is positively associated with periodontal diseases in this adolescent population.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    López R, Baelum V

    Institution

    Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Dentistry, University of Aarhus, Denmark. rlopez@odont.au.dk

    Source

    Journal of clinical periodontology 36:3 2009 Mar pg 185-9

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Child
    Chile
    Cohort Studies
    Comorbidity
    Female
    Gingivitis, Necrotizing Ulcerative
    Humans
    Male
    Marijuana Smoking
    Periodontal Attachment Loss
    Periodontitis
    Regression Analysis
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19236530