Unbound MEDLINE

Induction dose of propofol in patients using cannabis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
An estimated 150 million people worldwide use cannabis. The effect of cannabis on anaesthetic requirements in humans does not appear to have been studied.
METHODS
In this prospective, randomized, single-blinded study, 30 male patients using cannabis more than once per week (group C) and 30 nonusers (group NC), aged 18-50 years, were induced with propofol 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3 or 3.5 mg kg. Additional doses were given when required. The primary outcome was the 50% effective dose of propofol and successful induction was determined by loss of consciousness with a bispectral index value of less than 60 and satisfactory insertion of a laryngeal mask. Propofol requirements to achieve these outcomes were recorded.
RESULTS
The dose required to achieve the target bispectral index value was not significantly higher in group C, but group C required a significantly higher propofol dose to achieve laryngeal mask insertion (314.0 +/- 109.3 vs. 263.2 +/- 69.5 mg, P < 0.04). The estimated effective propofol induction dose in 50-95% of patients did not significantly differ between groups.
CONCLUSION
We conclude that cannabis use increases the propofol dose required for satisfactory clinical induction when inserting a laryngeal mask.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Flisberg P, Paech MJ, Shah T, Ledowski T, Kurowski I, Parsons R

    Source

    European journal of anaesthesiology 26:3 2009 Mar pg 192-5

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Cannabis
    Depression
    Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Propofol
    Treatment Outcome

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Randomized Controlled Trial
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19237981