Unbound MEDLINE

Fungal keratitis in a gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus).

Abstract

A free-ranging gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) presented for trauma and blindness. Fibrinous exudate obscured visualization of the globes. This exudative crust extended from the conjunctival fornices through the palpebral fissure and was manually removed. Ophthalmic examination revealed bilateral corneal ulcerations and scarring and phthisis bulbi of the left globe. Histology of the crust revealed a necrotic conjunctivitis with intralesional fungal hyphae. Culture of the corneal ulcer of the left eye isolated moderate growth of a mixed fungal flora consisting of Curvularia sp. and Aspergillus sp. Miconazole ophthalmic solution was administered and the ulcers in both eyes healed, but corneal edema continued. After 2 mo of treatment with miconazole, tramadol, acetylcysteine, hypertonic saline ointment, artificial tears, and hypertonic saline flushes, the right eye was normal with only a small scar. The left eye remained phthisical. This is the first report of fungal keratitis in a wild reptile and a gopher tortoise.

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  • Authors

    Myers DA, Isaza R, Ben-Shlomo G, Abbott J, Plummer CE

    Institution

    University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, P.O. Box 100101, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0101, USA. dmyersvet@yahoo.com

    Source

    Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians 40:3 2009 Sep pg 579-82

    MeSH

    Animals
    Animals, Wild
    Antifungal Agents
    Corneal Ulcer
    Eye Infections, Fungal
    Hyphae
    Male
    Treatment Outcome
    Turtles

    Pub Type(s)

    Case Reports
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    19746878