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The inhibitory effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the monophenolase and diphenolase activities of mushroom tyrosinase.

Abstract

In the present work, we investigated the effect of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) on the monophenolase and diphenolase activity of mushroom tyrosinase. The results showed that diflunisal and indomethacin inhibited both monophenolase and diphenolase activity. For monophenolase activity, the lag time was extended in the presence of diflunisal. In the presence of indomethacin, the lag time did not change. IC(50) values of monophenolase activity were estimated to be 0.112 mM (diflunisal) and 1.78 mM (indomethacin). Kinetic studies of monophenolase activity revealed that both diflunisal and indomethacin were non-competitive inhibitors. For diphenolase activity, IC(50) values were estimated to be 0.197 mM (diflunisal) and 0.509 mM (indomethacin). Diflunisal and indomethacin were also found to be non-competitive diphenolase inhibitors.

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  • Authors

    Sato K, Toriyama M

    Institution

    Department of Life Science, College of Agriculture, Tamagawa University, 6-1-1 Tamagawa-Gakuen, Tokyo, Japan.

    Source

    International journal of molecular sciences 12:6 2011 pg 3998-4008

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    21747720