Mandibular Actinomyces osteomyelitis complicating florid cemento-osseous dysplasia: case report.
Apart from neoplastic processes, chronic disfiguring and destructive diseases of the mandible are uncommon.
We report, perhaps for the first time, the simultaneous occurrence of two such conditions in one patient, in a case that emphasizes the importance of bone biopsy in establishing the correct diagnosis. Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) is a chronic, disfiguring condition of the maxillofacial region. This relatively benign disease is primarily observed in middle-aged women of African ancestry. Cervicofacial actinomycosis is an uncommon and progressive infection caused by bacilli of the Actinomyces genus that typically involves intraoral soft tissues but may also involve bone. The accurate diagnosis of actinomycosis is critical for successful treatment. A diagnosis of osteomyelitis caused by Actinomyces bacteria was diagnosed by bone biopsy in a 53 year-old African-American woman with a longstanding history of FCOD after she presented with a new draining ulcer overlying the mandible.
Clinicians should be aware of the possibility of actinomycosis arising in the setting of FCOD, and the importance of bone biopsy and cultures in arriving at a definitive and timely diagnosis.
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Michigan Medical School, 1150 W. Medical Center Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA.
SourceBMC oral health 11: 2011 pg 21
Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
Denture, Complete, Lower
Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone
Pub Type(s)Case Reports