Hyalinization of the pyloric stomach in CD-1 mice following oral (dietary) administration of the corticosteroid agonists mometasone furoate, budesonide, and flunisolide.
The purpose of this study was to compare the toxicity of three marketed corticosteroid receptor agonists (mometasone furoate, budesonide, or flunisolide) to the stomach of female CD-1 mice following oral administration via the diet for up to 52 weeks, with a 16-week recovery period (budesonide and flunisolide). A range of tissues was examined by light microscopy, accompanied by clinical pathology measurements to assess anticipated corticosteroid effects as a surrogate marker of systemic drug exposure. Microscopic changes seen in the stomach with each corticosteroid included pyloric hyalinization. This previously unreported finding was investigated using histochemical and immunohistochemical techniques and was found to consist of hyalinized collagen, in association with increased immunohistochemical signal for transglutaminase-2 and osteopontin. The significance of the osteopontin finding is unclear; however, the ability of transglutaminase-2 to facilitate the formation of degradation resistant protein bonds implies this protein may be involved in the pathogenesis of this change. Furthermore, published evidence that transglutaminase-2 may be induced by a corticosteroid agonist raises the possibility that pyloric stomach hyalinization may be a class effect of corticosteroids via the action of this enzyme.
Safety Assessment, GlaxoSmithKline, Ware, UK. email@example.com
SourceToxicologic pathology 39:6 2011 Oct pg 958-68
Adrenal Cortex Hormones
Mice, Inbred Strains
Pub Type(s)Comparative Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't