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Telmisartan ameliorates lipopolysaccharide-induced innate immune response through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ activation in human monocytes.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE
Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) blockers (ARBs) reduce the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced innate immune response in human circulating monocytes expressing few AT1. To clarify the mechanisms of anti-inflammatory effects of ARBs with different peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ)-activating potencies, we focused our study on telmisartan, an ARB with the highest PPARγ-stimulating activity.
METHODS
Human circulating monocytes and monocytic THP-1 (human acute monocytic leukemia cell line) cells were exposed to 50 ng/ml LPS with or without pre-incubation with telmisartan. AT1 mRNA and protein expressions were determined by real-time PCR and membrane receptor binding assay, respectively. The expression of pro-inflammatory factors was determined by real-time PCR, western blot analysis and ELISA. PPARγ activation was measured by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and its role was determined by pharmacological inhibition and PPARγ gene silencing.
RESULTS
In human monocytes, telmisartan significantly attenuated the LPS-induced expression of pro-inflammatory factors, the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and prostaglandin E2, nuclear factor-κB activation and reactive oxygen species formation. In THP-1 cells, telmisartan significantly reduced LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor-α, inhibitor of κB-α, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) and lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 gene expression and MCP-1-directed migration. Telmisartan also stimulated the expression of the PPARγ target genes cluster of differentiation 36 and ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 1 in monocytes. The anti-inflammatory effects of telmisartan were prevented by both PPARγ antagonism and PPARγ gene silencing. Anti-inflammatory effects of ARBs correlated with their PPARγ agonist potency.
CONCLUSION
Our observations demonstrate that in human monocytes, ARBs inhibit the LPS-induced pro-inflammatory response to a major extent through the PPARγ activation pathway and may be beneficial for the treatment of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in which inflammation plays a major role.

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  • Authors

    Pang T, Benicky J, Wang J, Orecna M, Sanchez-Lemus E, Saavedra JM

    Institution

    Section on Pharmacology, Division of Intramural Research Programs, Department of Health and Human Services, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. pangt@mail.nih.gov

    Source

    Journal of hypertension 30:1 2012 Jan pg 87-96

    MeSH

    Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers
    Base Sequence
    Benzimidazoles
    Benzoates
    Blotting, Western
    Cell Line, Tumor
    DNA Probes
    Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
    Humans
    Immunity, Innate
    Lipopolysaccharides
    Monocytes
    PPAR gamma
    Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22124178