Surgical resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma: experience improves resectability.
In hilar cholangiocarcinoma, resection provides the only opportunity for longterm survival. A US experience of hilar cholangiocarcinoma was examined to determine the effect of clinical experience on negative margin (R0) resection rates.
We conducted a retrospective analysis of 110 consecutive hilar cholangiocarcinoma patients presenting over an 18-year period. Analyses were performed using chi-squared, Wilcoxon rank sum and Kaplan-Meier methods, and multivariable Cox and logistic regression modelling.
Of the 110 patients in the cohort, 59.1% were male and 90.9% were White. The median patient age was 64 years. A total of 59 (53.6%) patients underwent resection; 37 of these demonstrated R0. The 30-day mortality rate was 5.1%; the complication rate was 39.0%. The rate of resectability increased over time (36.4% vs. 70.9%; P= 0.001), as did the percentage of R0 resections (10.9% vs. 56.5%; P < 0.001). Of the 59 patients who underwent resection, 23 (39.0%) experienced recurrence. Multivariable Cox regression analysis identified resection margins [hazard ratio (HR) = 4.124 for positive vs. negative; P= 0.002] and type of operation (HR = 5.075 for exploration vs. resection; P= 0.001) as significant to survival.
Although R0 resection can be achieved in only a minority of patients, these patients have a reasonable chance of longterm survival. The last decade has seen a significant rise in rates of resectability of Klatskin's tumour at specialty centres.
Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA.
SourceHPB : the official journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association 14:2 2012 Feb pg 142-9
Aged, 80 and over
Bile Duct Neoplasms
Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic
Biliary Tract Surgical Procedures
Hepatic Duct, Common
Proportional Hazards Models
Pub Type(s)Journal Article