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The effect of perceived person-job fit on employee attitudes toward change in trauma centers.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Employee attitudes toward change are critical for health care organizations implementing new procedures and practices. When employees are more positive about the change, they are likely to behave in ways that support the change, whereas when employees are negative about the change, they will resist the changes.
PURPOSE
This study examined how perceived person-job (demands-abilities) fit influences attitudes toward change after an externally mandated change. Specifically, we propose that perceived person-job fit moderates the negative relationship between individual job impact and attitudes toward change.
METHODOLOGY
We examined this issue in a sample of Level 1 trauma centers facing a regulatory mandate to develop an alcohol screening and brief intervention program. A survey of 200 providers within 20 trauma centers assessed perceived person-job fit, individual job impact, and attitudes toward change approximately 1 year after the mandate was enacted.
RESULTS
Providers who perceived a better fit between their abilities and the new job demands were more positive about the change. Further, the impact of the alcohol screening and brief intervention program on attitudes toward change was mitigated by perceived fit, where the relationship between job impact and change attitudes was more negative for providers who perceived a worse fit as compared with those who perceived a better fit.
PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS
Successful implementation of changes to work processes and procedures requires provider support of the change. Management can enhance this support by improving perceived person-job fit through ongoing training sessions that enhance providers' abilities to implement the new procedures.

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  • Authors

    Zatzick CD, Zatzick DF

    Institution

    Beedie School of Business, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada. czatzick@sfu.ca

    Source

    Health care management review 38:2 pg 115-24

    MeSH

    Alcoholism
    Attitude of Health Personnel
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Guideline Adherence
    Health Personnel
    Humans
    Interprofessional Relations
    Job Satisfaction
    Mandatory Programs
    Mass Screening
    Organizational Innovation
    Trauma Centers
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22310485