Unbound MEDLINE

Diagnosis of DVT: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Objective testing for DVT is crucial because clinical assessment alone is unreliable and the consequences of misdiagnosis are serious. This guideline focuses on the identification of optimal strategies for the diagnosis of DVT in ambulatory adults.
METHODS
The methods of this guideline follow those described in Methodology for the Development of Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis Guidelines: Antithrombotic Therapy and Prevention of Thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines.
RESULTS
We suggest that clinical assessment of pretest probability of DVT, rather than performing the same tests in all patients, should guide the diagnostic process for a first lower extremity DVT (Grade 2B). In patients with a low pretest probability of first lower extremity DVT, we recommend initial testing with D-dimer or ultrasound (US) of the proximal veins over no diagnostic testing (Grade 1B), venography (Grade 1B), or whole-leg US (Grade 2B). In patients with moderate pretest probability, we recommend initial testing with a highly sensitive D-dimer, proximal compression US, or whole-leg US rather than no testing (Grade 1B) or venography (Grade 1B). In patients with a high pretest probability, we recommend proximal compression or whole-leg US over no testing (Grade 1B) or venography (Grade 1B).
CONCLUSIONS
Favored strategies for diagnosis of first DVT combine use of pretest probability assessment, D-dimer, and US. There is lower-quality evidence available to guide diagnosis of recurrent DVT, upper extremity DVT, and DVT during pregnancy.

Links

  • PMC Free PDF
  • PMC Free Full Text
  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Bates SM, Jaeschke R, Stevens SM, Goodacre S, Wells PS, Stevenson MD, Kearon C, Schunemann HJ, Crowther M, Pauker SG, Makdissi R, Guyatt GH, American College of Chest Physicians

    Source

    Chest 141:2 Suppl 2012 Feb pg e351S-418S

    MeSH

    Adult
    Ambulatory Care
    Evidence-Based Medicine
    Female
    Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products
    Fibrinolytic Agents
    Hemorrhage
    Humans
    Magnetic Resonance Angiography
    Male
    Phlebography
    Predictive Value of Tests
    Probability
    Pulmonary Embolism
    Risk Factors
    Societies, Medical
    Thrombosis
    Tomography, X-Ray Computed
    Ultrasonography
    United States
    Venous Thrombosis

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Practice Guideline

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22315267