Unbound MEDLINE

Kinematic modelling of a robotic gait device for early rehabilitation of walking.

Abstract

Rehabilitation of walking is an essential element in the treatment of incomplete spinal cord injured (SCI) patients. During the early post injury period, patients find it challenging to practice upright walking. Simulating stepping movements in a supine posture may be easier and promote earlier rehabilitation. A robotic orthotic device for early intervention in spinal cord injury that does not require the patient to be in an upright posture has been modelled. The model comprises a two-bar mechanical system that is configured and powered to provide limb kinematics that approximate normal overground walking. The modelling work has been based on gait analysis performed on healthy subjects walking at 50 per cent, 75 per cent, and 100 per cent of normal cadence. Simulated angles of hip, knee, and ankle joints show a comparable range of motion (ROM) to the experimental walking data measured in healthy subjects. The model provides operating parameters for a prospective recumbent gait orthosis that could be used in early walking rehabilitation of incomplete SCI patients.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Fang J, Gollee H, Galen S, Allan DB, Conway BA, Vuckovic A

    Source

    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of engineering in medicine 225:12 2011 Dec pg 1177-87

    MeSH

    Algorithms
    Ankle Joint
    Biomechanical Phenomena
    Computer Simulation
    Computer-Aided Design
    Gait Disorders, Neurologic
    Hip Joint
    Humans
    Knee Joint
    Models, Biological
    Orthotic Devices
    Range of Motion, Articular
    Robotics
    Spinal Cord Injuries
    Walking

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22320057