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Differences in occupational, transportation, domestic, and leisure-time physical activities: do geographical location and socio-cultural status matter?

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Researchers have recently expressed their concern for the health of Francophones and rural dwellers in Canada. Their levels of physical activity may explain part of the observed differences. However, little is known about the physical activity levels of these 2 groups. The purpose of this study was to assess levels of physical activity among a sample of Francophones and rural dwellers. The study also assessed the associations of various types of physical activity to measures of health status.
METHODS
A quota-based convenience sample of 256 adults from Northern Ontario was surveyed using the IPAQ and the SF-12.
RESULTS
There were no significant differences in activity levels between language groups (P = .06) or geographical groups (P = .22) on the combined dependent variables based on MANOVA. Leisure-time physical activity scores were consistently associated to better physical component summary scores of the SF-12.
CONCLUSIONS
Implications for practice include that leisure-time physical activities have been at the forefront of public health promotion, and our findings support this approach. Further, population specific interventions are indeed important, however, within this Canadian context when identifying target groups one must look beyond sociocultural status or geographical location.

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  • Authors

    Gauthier AP, Lariviere M, Pong R, Snelling S, Young N

    Institution

    School of Rural and Northern Health, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.

    Source

    Journal of physical activity & health 9:2 2012 Feb pg 163-72

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Culture
    Female
    Geography
    Humans
    Language
    Leisure Activities
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Motor Activity
    Occupational Health
    Ontario
    Questionnaires
    Rural Population
    Self Report
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Statistics as Topic
    Transportation
    Urban Population
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22368216