A framework for training health professionals in implementation and dissemination science.


The authors describe a conceptual framework for implementation and dissemination science (IDS) and propose competencies for IDS training. Their framework is designed to facilitate the application of theories and methods from the distinct domains of clinical disciplines (e.g., medicine, public health), population sciences (e.g., biostatistics, epidemiology), and translational disciplines (e.g., social and behavioral sciences, business administration education). They explore three principles that guided the development of their conceptual framework: Behavior change among organizations and/or individuals (providers, patients) is inherent in the translation process; engagement of stakeholder organizations, health care delivery systems, and individuals is imperative to achieve effective translation and sustained improvements; and IDS research is iterative, benefiting from cycles and collaborative, bidirectional relationships. The authors propose seven domains for IDS training-team science, context identification, literature identification and assessment, community engagement, intervention design and research implementation, evaluation of effect of translational activity, behavioral change communication strategies-and define 12 IDS training competencies within these domains. As a model, they describe specific courses introduced at the University of California, San Francisco, which they designed to develop these competencies. The authors encourage other training programs and institutions to use or adapt the design principles, conceptual framework, and proposed competencies to evaluate their current IDS training needs and to support new program development.


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  • Authors

    Gonzales R

    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, USA. ralphg@medicine.ucsf.edu.

    Handley MA

    Ackerman S

    Oʼsullivan PS


    Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 87:3 2012 Mar pg 271-8


    Clinical Competence
    Community-Institutional Relations
    Cooperative Behavior
    Diffusion of Innovation
    Education, Medical
    Evidence-Based Medicine
    Health Plan Implementation
    Health Services Needs and Demand
    Information Dissemination
    Interdisciplinary Communication
    Translational Medical Research
    United States

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural



    PubMed ID