Percutaneous left ventricular assist device with TandemHeart for high-risk percutaneous coronary intervention: the Mayo Clinic experience.
In patients with poor left ventricular function and severe left main or multivessel coronary disease, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery has been the preferred therapy. However, a number of these patients are either inoperable or poor surgical candidates due to comorbid conditions and previous cardiac surgical procedures. These patients are generally poor candidates for standard percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) techniques. A hybrid PCI approach with hemodynamic support may be a viable strategy for these patients. We report our experience using the TandemHeart percutaneous left ventricular assist device during high-risk PCI.
Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of prospectively collected data in 54 patients undergoing high-risk PCI using the TandemHeart device for support. Hemodynamic and clinical data were collected and analyzed.
Baseline clinical characteristics were as follows: mean age 72 ± 1.7 years, males 78%, median ejection fraction 20%, mean serum creatinine 1.6 ± 0.3 2 mg/dL, recent myocardial infarction 52%, COPD 33%, previous CABG 50%, diabetes mellitus 41%, and hypertension 83%. The median SYNTAX score was 33, and the median Jeopardy score was 10. The predicted surgical revascularization mortality was 13% by the Society for Thoracic Surgery risk score and 33% by Euroscore. There was a significant decrease in right and left heart pressures (P < 0.05) with a concomitant increase in the cardiac output from 4.7 to 5.7 L/min (P = 0.03) during TandemHeart support. Left main and multivessel PCI was performed in 62% of patients, and rotablation was used in 48%. Procedural success rate was 97%, whereas 30-day and 6 month survival were 90% and 87%, respectively. Major vascular complications occurred in 13% of cases. None of our patients developed contrast induced nephropathy or needed dialysis.
High-risk PCI with percutaneous left ventricular support using TandemHeart is a viable therapeutic strategy for a select subset of patients at very high risk with standard percutaneous revascularization techniques.
The Division of Cardiovascular Diseases and Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota, USA.
SourceCatheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions 80:5 2012 Nov 1 pg 728-34
Coronary Artery Disease
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Recovery of Function
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
Ventricular Function, Left
Pub Type(s)Journal Article