Unbound MEDLINE

CD82 expression alters with human endometrial cycles and affects the uterine endometrial receptivity in vitro.

Abstract

Embryo implantation is a process that requires both temporal and spatial synchronization of the uterine endometrium and the embryo, and the endometrium becomes receptive to the embryo during the window of implantation. Although the expression patterns of many implantation-related molecules change dynamically during this process, the impact of CD82 on endometrial receptivity has not been elucidated. By immunohistochemical staining, we found that CD82 levels rose from the proliferative phase to the secretory phase in human endometrium. Specifically, the highest level appeared in mid- and late-secretory phases. Consistently, RL95-2 cells, representative of high-receptive endometrial epithelium, expressed higher levels of CD82 than did HEC-1A cells, which are representative of low-receptive endometrial epithelium, as detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunofluorescence. Furthermore, progesterone up-regulated the expression of CD82 in both epithelial cell lines. Down-regulation of CD82 in RL95-2 cells by either CD82 siRNA transfection or treatment with a CD82 antibody significantly decreased the adhesion of human embryonic JAR cells to RL95-2 cell monolayers (P < 0.01) and inhibited the phosphorylation of focal adhesion kinase (FAK). In contrast, up-regulation of CD82 in HEC-1A cells by CD82 cDNA transfection promoted embryonic JAR cell adhesion to HEC-1A monolayers (P < 0.05) and activated the phosphorylation of FAK. In conclusion, the expression of CD82 increases in endometrial tissues during the window of embryo implantation, CD82 expression affects endometrial receptivity of the uterine epithelial cells in vitro, and the FAK signaling pathway may be involved in this phenomenon. The correlation between CD82 and endometrial receptivity suggests that CD82 may serve as a potential marker of endometrial function.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Wei X, Liu S, Wang X, Yan Q

    Source

    Experimental biology and medicine (Maywood, N.J.) 237:3 2012 Mar pg 254-62

    MeSH

    Antigens, CD82
    Blotting, Western
    Cell Line
    Embryo Implantation
    Endometrium
    Female
    Fluorescent Antibody Technique
    Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
    Humans
    Immunohistochemistry
    Menstrual Cycle
    Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
    Signal Transduction

    Pub Type(s)

    In Vitro
    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22393164