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Parotidectomy: a 17-year institutional experience at a rural academic medical center.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
We describe the parotidectomy experience at a single rural institution over 17 years.
METHODS
We retrieved the records of all patients who underwent parotidectomy for any nontrauma indication (current procedural terminology codes 42410, 42415, 42420, 42425, and 42426) from January 1990 to June 2007 at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, a rural medical center that provides both primary and tertiary care to a local population of 14,000, with a catchment area of 600,000 people. Information was collected on initial patient presentation, use of fine-needle aspiration, extent of surgery, final pathologic diagnosis, and complications.
RESULTS
We performed 341 parotidectomy procedures in 334 patients. The largest number of malignancies came from metastatic tumors; squamous cell carcinoma was the most common (37% of malignancies). The most common presenting complaint overall was a painless mass. The most common complication was facial weakness in 17% (57 of 341); 36 of the 57 cases of facial weakness (63%) were associated with surgery for malignancy. The most common benign tumor was pleomorphic adenoma (114 of 186; 61%). Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common primary parotid malignancy (12%).
CONCLUSIONS
In this 17-year rural case series of all parotidectomy procedures done for nontrauma indications, the largest number of malignancies came from metastatic tumors. Although facial nerve paralysis is not a common complication, it occurs most often when surgery is performed for either primary or metastatic malignancy. Surgeons will benefit from this information as they counsel patients who are considering parotidectomy.

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  • Aggregator Full Text
  • Authors

    Maddox PT, Paydarfar JA, Davies L

    Source

    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 121:2 2012 Feb pg 100-3

    MeSH

    Abscess
    Academic Medical Centers
    Adenoma, Pleomorphic
    Adolescent
    Adult
    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Carcinoma
    Child
    Child, Preschool
    Cysts
    Facial Muscles
    Female
    Hematoma
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Muscle Weakness
    Parotid Gland
    Parotid Neoplasms
    Postoperative Complications
    Registries
    Rural Population
    Seroma
    Sialadenitis
    Sweating, Gustatory
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22397218