Unbound MEDLINE

Decellularized rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscle for laryngeal regeneration.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
Although considerable progress has been made in regenerative medicine, a quantum step would be the replacement and/or regeneration of functional muscle tissue. For example, although patients' airways can now be successfully replaced with stem cell-based techniques, a much greater patient need would be addressed by regeneration of the muscles required for engineering a functional larynx, in which active movement is critical. The rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscle was chosen for the present study because it is equivalent to the posterior cricoarytenoid muscle, the only significant abductor muscle in human larynges.
METHODS
Rabbit cricoarytenoid dorsalis muscles were harvested, and different decellularization methods were compared by use of a combination of histologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular techniques. Decellularized scaffolds were implanted into Sprague-Dawley rats as part of a 2-week biocompatibility study to assess immunogenicity.
RESULTS
Decellularization with a combination of latrunculin B, potassium iodide, potassium chloride, and deoxyribonuclease resulted in total DNA clearance and reduced levels of major histocompatibility complex class II expression, with relative preservation of the scaffold's structural integrity (collagen, elastin, and glycosaminoglycan content). The scaffolds showed minimal signs of rejection at 2 weeks in a cross-species (xenotransplantation) study.
CONCLUSIONS
Decellularized laryngeal muscles, which are nonimmunogenic, may provide the optimal scaffold source for the generation of a fully functional tissue-engineered larynx.

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  • Aggregator Full Text
  • Authors

    Fishman JM, Ansari T, Sibbons P, De Coppi P, Birchall MA

    Institution

    University College London Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford St, London WC1N 1EH, United Kingdom.

    Source

    The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology 121:2 2012 Feb pg 129-38

    MeSH

    Animals
    Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic
    DNA
    Deoxyribonucleases
    Histocompatibility Antigens Class II
    Immunohistochemistry
    Laryngeal Muscles
    Larynx
    Microscopy
    Potassium Chloride
    Potassium Iodide
    Rabbits
    Rats
    Rats, Sprague-Dawley
    Regeneration
    Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
    Surface-Active Agents
    Thiazolidines
    Tissue Engineering
    Tissue Scaffolds
    Transplantation, Heterologous

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22397223