Preparation and in vitro/in vivo evaluation of a ketoprofen orally disintegrating/sustained release tablet.
Context: Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) with sustained release profiles are a new generation of ODTs called orally disintegrating/sustained
release tablets (ODSRTs), which are convenient in use and able to slowly release drugs to maintain effective blood concentrations
over a prolonged period of time. Ketoprofen, one of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, is an ideal model drug for ODSRTs.
Methods: We designed a simple two-step process to develop novel ketoprofen orally disintegrating/sustained release tablets (KODSRTs). Firstly, sustained release ketoprofen fine granules were developed by spray drying the aqueous dispersions composed of Eudragit RS-30D, Starch 1500 and PEG 6000. The optimal parameters of spray drying were 100°C for inlet air temperature and 1.5 mL/min for feed rate. Subsequently, the obtained granules were directly compressed into KODSRTs after mixing with lactose, mannitol and a superdisintegrant, crosslinked polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVPP). The characteristics of KODSRTs, especially their potential for extended drug release, were evaluated.
Results: Results of an in vitro release test demonstrated that KODSRTs could slowly release ketoprofen for 24 h after disintegrating within 30 s. Extended release properties of KODSRTs were decided by the ketoprofen sustained release fine granules in tablets. Besides, the disintegration time of KODSRTs depended on the percentage of PVPP in tablets. In vivo pharmacokinetic studies in beagles also showed that KODSRTs possessed a significantly extended release profile compared with ketoprofen normal capsules.
Conclusion: KODSRTs were successfully prepared using a simple two-step process: spray drying and direct compression.
Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University , Nanjing , P.R. China.
SourceDrug development and industrial pharmacy 39:6 2013 Jun pg 928-34
Pub Type(s)Journal Article