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Electrochemical behavior of gold nanoparticles modified nitrogen incorporated tetrahedral amorphous carbon and its application in glucose sensing.
Gold nanoparticles (NPs) with 10-50 nm in diameter were synthesized on nitrogen incorporated tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C:N) thin film electrode by electrodeposition. The deposition and nucleation processes of Au on ta-C:N surface were investigated by cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry. The morphology of Au NPs was characterized by scanned electron microscopy. The electrochemical properties of Au NPs modified ta-C:N (ta-C:N/Au) electrode and its ability to sense glucose were investigated by voltammetric and amperometric measurements. The potentiostatic current-time transients showed a progressive nucleation process and diffusion growth of Au on the surface of ta-C:N film according to the Scharifker-Hills model. The Au NPs acted as microelectrodes improved the electron transfer and electrocatalytic oxidation of glucose on ta-C:N electrode. The ta-C:N/Au electrode exhibited fast current response, a linear detection range of glucose from 0.5 to 25 mM and a detection limit of 120 microM, which hinted its potential application as a glucose biosensor.
Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
Pub Type(s)Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't