Unbound MEDLINE

Riboflavin-UVA-induced corneal collagen cross-linking in pediatric patients.

Abstract

PURPOSE
Evaluation of stability and functional response after riboflavin-UVA–induced cross-linking in a population of patients younger than 18 years with progressive keratoconus after 36 months of follow-up.
METHODS
Prospective nonrandomized phase II open trial conducted at the Department of Ophthalmology, Siena University, Italy. The "Siena CXL Pediatrics" trial involved 152 patients aged 18 years or younger (10–18 years) with clinical and instrumental evidence of keratoconus progression. The population was divided into 2 groups according to corneal thickness (>450 and <450 μm) at the time of enrollment. The riboflavin-UVA–induced corneal cross-linking was performed in all patients according to the standard epi-off protocol. Parameters recorded preoperatively and postoperatively were as follows: uncorrected visual acuity, best spectacle–corrected visual acuity, corneal topography and surface aberrometry (CSO Eye Top topographer; Florence, Italy), optical pachometry (Visante OCT; Zeiss Meditec, Jena, Germany), and HRT II confocal microscopy (Rostock Cornea Module, Heidelberg, Germany).
RESULTS
Functional data at 36 months showed an increase of +0.18 and +0.16 Snellen lines for uncorrected visual acuity and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, respectively, in the thicker group (corneal thickness >450 μm) and +0.14 and +0.15 Snellen lines, respectively, in the thinner group (corneal thickness <450 μm). Patients in the latter group already showed a better and faster functional recovery than the thicker group at 3-month follow-up. Topographic results showed statistically significant improvement in K readings and asymmetry index values. Coma reduction was also statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS
The study demonstrated significant and rapid functional improvement in pediatric patients younger than 18 years with progressive keratoconus, undergoing riboflavin-UVA–induced cross-linking. In pediatric age, a good functional response and keratoconus stability was obtained after corneal cross-linking in a 36-month follow-up.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Caporossi A, Mazzotta C, Baiocchi S, Caporossi T, Denaro R, Balestrazzi A

    Institution

    Department of Ophthalmology, Siena University, Siena, Italy.

    Source

    Cornea 31:3 2012 Mar pg 227-31

    MeSH

    Aberrometry
    Adolescent
    Child
    Collagen
    Cornea
    Corneal Topography
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Humans
    Italy
    Keratoconus
    Male
    Photochemotherapy
    Photosensitizing Agents
    Prospective Studies
    Riboflavin
    Ultraviolet Rays
    Visual Acuity

    Pub Type(s)

    Clinical Trial, Phase II
    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22420024