Unbound MEDLINE

Risk factors of hepatitis C infection among Egyptian blood donors.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Surveillance of infectious disease markers in the blood donor population is important in recognizing trends in prevalence and incidence of transfusion related infections in asymptomatic volunteer blood donors.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS
It was a cross sectional study. Samples were collected from volunteer blood donors and questionnaire was designed to collect the risk factors data. The prevalence of hepatitis C antibodies among 1,000 apparently healthy blood donors were determined.
OBJECTIVE
To estimate the prevalence of virus C hepatic infection and to illustrate the various socio-economic, behavioural and medical factors related to infection with Hepatitis C (HCV) among apparently healthy individuals. It contributed to analysis of the particularities of Egyptian blood donors and helped to better understand the challenges and solutions of blood safety.
RESULTS
The prevalence of HCV was 16.8%. There was an association of positive anti-HCV test with socio-demographic, medical and behavioural risk factors.
CONCLUSION
This study provided comprehensive and reliable information on the possible risk factors affecting spread of Hepatitis C in the area.

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  • Authors

    Awadalla HI, Ragab MH, Nassar NA, Osman MA

    Institution

    Institute of Environmental Studies and Research, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Hala_Awadalla@yahoo.com

    Source

    Central European journal of public health 19:4 2011 Dec pg 217-21

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Adult
    Blood Donors
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Egypt
    Female
    Hepatitis C
    Hepatitis C Antibodies
    Hepatitis C, Chronic
    Humans
    Male
    Middle Aged
    Risk Factors
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22432397