Unbound MEDLINE

Thyroid disorders during pregnancy.

Abstract

Thyroid disorders are common in women during pregnancy. If left untreated, both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are associated with adverse effects on pregnancy and fetal outcomes. It is important to correctly identify these disorders and treat them appropriately to prevent pregnancy-related complications. Levothyroxine is the indicated treatment for hypothyroidism, and thionamides are the treatment of choice for hyperthyroidism; thyroidectomy may be indicated in select cases. When thyroid cancer is diagnosed during pregnancy, a decision must be made regarding performing thyroidectomy during the pregnancy or postponing surgical resection until the postpartum period. Radioactive iodine is absolutely contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.

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  • Publisher Full Text
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  • Authors

    Yazbeck CF, Sullivan SD

    Source

    The Medical clinics of North America 96:2 2012 Mar pg 235-56

    MeSH

    Abortion, Spontaneous
    Diet
    Female
    Hormone Replacement Therapy
    Humans
    Hypothyroidism
    Iodine
    Maternal Welfare
    Pre-Eclampsia
    Pregnancy
    Pregnancy Complications
    Premature Birth
    Prenatal Care
    Thyroid Function Tests
    Thyroid Hormones
    Thyroxine
    Trace Elements
    Vitamins
    Women's Health

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Review

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22443973