Unbound MEDLINE

Relations between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and specific cephalometric measurements, body mass index, and apnea-hypopnea index.

Abstract

PURPOSE
To evaluate the relation of specific cephalometric landmarks, body mass index, and the apnea-hypopnea index in patients diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and treated with functional upper airway surgery.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 89 consecutive patients over a 3-year period diagnosed with overnight-attended polysomnogram-confirmed OSAS who underwent functional upper airway surgery. Five predetermined specific cephalometric parameters were analyzed: posterior airway space, soft palate length, hyoid to mandibular plane angle, sella-nasion to mandibular plane angle, and gonion to gnathion length. Simple and multiple linear regression analyses were used to establish a relation between independent and dependent variables.
RESULTS
There were no statistically significant associations between the 5 specific cephalometric craniofacial structures in combination with other potential confounders, body mass index and apnea-hypopnea index, and the presence of OSAS.
CONCLUSIONS
No one skeletal or soft tissue parameter can be directly linked to OSAS.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors

    Cillo JE, Thayer S, Dasheiff RM, Finn R

    Institution

    Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Allegheny General Hospital, West Penn Allegheny Health System, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

    Source

    Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons 70:4 2012 Apr pg e278-83

    MeSH

    Adult
    Aged
    Anatomic Landmarks
    Body Mass Index
    Cephalometry
    Chin
    Cohort Studies
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Humans
    Hyoid Bone
    Male
    Mandible
    Middle Aged
    Nasal Bone
    Palate, Soft
    Pharynx
    Polysomnography
    Retrospective Studies
    Sella Turcica
    Sleep Apnea, Obstructive

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22449433