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Dental enamel defects in Italian children with cystic fibrosis: an observational study.
OBJECTIVEThe relationship between cystic fibrosis (CF) and caries experience has already been explored, but relatively little information is available on dental enamel defects prevalence among children affected by cystic fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate this issue in deciduous and permanent teeth of children with CF resident in southern Italy.
BASIC RESEARCH DESIGNThis cross sectional observational study was undertaken between October 2009 and March 2010.
PARTICIPANTS88 CF patients and 101 healthy age-matched participated in this study.
METHODSThe prevalence of dental enamel defects was calculated using a modified Developmental Defects of Enamel (DDE) index. The comparison of dental enamel defects prevalence among groups was carried out using regression binary logistic analysis.
RESULTSIn the CF subjects there was a higher prevalence (56%) of enamel defects in comparison to the healthy group (22%). The most prevalent enamel defect was hypoplasia with loss of enamel (23% of CF patients vs 1 1/2% of control group) in permanent teeth.
CONCLUSIONThis study confirms that children with cystic fibrosis are at increased risk of developing hypoplastic defects on their permanent teeth.
Community dental health 29:1 2012 Mar pg 106-9
Dental Enamel Hypoplasia
Pub Type(s)Comparative Study