Unbound MEDLINE

The prosthodontic pathway of the oral cancer patient.

Abstract

Oral cancer patients undergo life-altering curative treatment that consists of surgery or a combination of surgery and radiotherapy. This can severely alter the functional anatomy of the oral cavity and create a challenging environment for successful oral rehabilitation. A multidisciplinary team approach is required to rehabilitate these patients successfully. It is essential to have assessment by an oral rehabilitation specialist before treatment, especially where primary rehabilitation interventions are being considered. Following cancer treatment, patients may suffer from a range of difficulties, from dento-facial appearance, to chewing, speech and swallowing. This dysfunction often leads to psychosocial problems, such as reduced self esteem, social contact and quality of life. Conventional prosthodontics has a role to play in the management of these patients but osseointegrated implants (OII), can be required to overcome the anatomical and physiological barriers. OII can be used in an environment where there is poor soft tissue function or little bone support, and where there is a dry mouth.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE
This paper introduces readers to the prosthodontic pathway taken by some oral cancer patients. It provides an overview of current oral rehabilitation techniques that supplement the supportive dental care provided by general dental practitioners and their team after cancer treatment.

Authors

Siddall KZ, Rogers SN, Butterworth CJ

Source

Dental update 39:2 2012 Mar pg 98-100, 103-6

MeSH

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Critical Pathways
Dental Implantation, Endosseous
Dental Prosthesis
Dental Restoration, Permanent
Humans
Jaw
Mouth Neoplasms
Osteoradionecrosis
Patient Care Team
Postoperative Care
Preoperative Care
Quality of Life
Radiotherapy

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

22482267