Ultrastructure Study of Transgenic Ren2 Rat Aorta - Part 1: Endothelium and Intima.
BACKGROUND: The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays an important role in the development and progression of hypertension and accelerated
atherosclerosis (atheroscleropathy) associated with the cardiorenal metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Additionally,
the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system plays an important role in vascular-endothelial-intimal cellular and extracellular
METHODS: Thoracic aortas of young male transgenic heterozygous (mRen2)27 (Ren2) rats were utilized for this ultrastructural study. This lean model of hypertension, insulin resistance and oxidative stress harbors the mouse renin gene with increased local tissue (aortic) levels of angiotensin II and angiotensin type 1 receptors and elevated plasma aldosterone levels.
RESULTS: The ultrastructural observations included marked endothelial cell retraction, separation, terminal nuclear lifting, adjacent duplication, apoptosis and a suggestion of endothelial progenitor cell attachment. The endothelium demonstrated increased caveolae, microparticles, depletion of Weibel-Palade bodies, loss of cell-cell and basal adhesion hemidesmosome-like structures, platelet adhesion and genesis of subendothelial neointima.
CONCLUSION: These observational ultrastructural studies of the transgenic Ren2 vasculature provide an in-depth evaluation of early abnormal remodeling changes within conduit-elastic arteries under conditions of increased local levels of angiotensin II, oxidative stress, insulin resistance and hypertension.
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, Mo., USA.
SourceCardiorenal medicine 2:1 2012 Feb pg 66-82
Pub Type(s)JOURNAL ARTICLE