Unbound MEDLINE

Impact of national smokefree environments laws on teachers, schools and early childhood centres.

Abstract

ISSUE ADDRESSED
New Zealand's (NZ) smokefree legislation, implemented on 1 January 2004, requires that all school and early childhood centre buildings and grounds are 100% smokefree; one aim being to prevent young people being influenced by seeing people (including teachers) smoke there. This study, conducted in 2008, investigated teachers'smoking behaviour and perceived adherence to the legislation.
METHODS
A national NZ cross-sectional survey of 2,004 teachers (oversampling Māori), who were randomly selected from the electoral roll of registered voters and sent postal invitations to complete an anonymous survey.
RESULTS
The response rate was 70%. Current smokers numbered 7%, and proportionately more Maori and Pacific Island teachers (12% each) smoked than European/Other teachers (7%). Of current smokers, 37% smoked non-daily. Smokers smoked less on work than non-work days. Introducing smokefree legislation was associated with teachers changing when they smoked, cutting down, quitting or trying to quit. Perceived compliance with the legislation was high, although 30% of teachers reported seeing staff smoking. Proportionately, significantly more teachers from low than from high socioeconomic schools perceived poor compliance and staff visibly smoking.
CONCLUSIONS
Smokefree legislation affects people's smoking behaviour. Smoking in NZ is becoming confined to population subgroups defined by socioeconomic status and ethnicity. Our findings argue for supporting cessation among those who work with children and young people, and for targeting support at school communities in areas of low socioeconomic status or with large populations of Māori or Pacific peoples.

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  • Authors

    Watson D, Glover M, McCool J, Bullen C, Adams B, Min S

    Institution

    Centre for Tobacco Control Research, School of Population Health, University of Auckland, New Zealand.

    Source

    Health promotion journal of Australia : official journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals 22:3 2011 Dec pg 166-71

    MeSH

    Adult
    Asian Continental Ancestry Group
    Child
    Child Day Care Centers
    Continental Population Groups
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Environmental Exposure
    European Continental Ancestry Group
    Faculty
    Female
    Humans
    Legislation as Topic
    Male
    Middle Aged
    New Zealand
    Oceanic Ancestry Group
    Perception
    Schools
    Sex Factors
    Smoking
    Socioeconomic Factors
    Students
    Tobacco Smoke Pollution

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    22497058